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The following is an excerpt from a 10-K SEC Filing, filed by BORDEN CHEMICAL INC on 3/29/2004.
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HEXION INC. - 10-K - 20040329 - PART_I
Part I

(Dollars in thousands except per share data)

Description of Business
Borden Chemical, Inc. (which may be referred to as “we,” “us,” “our” or the “Company”) was incorporated on April 24, 1899. We are engaged primarily in the manufacturing and distribution of forest product and industrial resins, formaldehyde, oilfield products and other specialty and industrial chemicals worldwide. Our executive and administrative offices are located in Columbus, Ohio. Production facilities are located throughout the United States and in many foreign countries.

Our business consists of three reportable segments: North American Forest Products (“NAFORP”), North American Performance Resins Group (“NAPRG”) and International. See Note 19 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Historical Perspective
In 1995, when affiliates of Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. (“KKR”) acquired control of the Company (then known as Borden, Inc.), our business consisted of the following business segments: Chemical, Foods, Other Consumer Products (including Consumer Adhesives), Decorative Products, Dairy and businesses held for sale. We sold all of these business segments by the end of 2001, except for the Chemical segment.

In 2001, we merged the Company with its subsidiaries, Borden Chemical Holdings, Inc. and Borden Chemical, Inc., executed certain financial transactions with our parent company, Borden Holdings, Inc. ("BHI"), and changed our name to Borden Chemical, Inc. (the “Corporate Reorganization”) to reflect the fact that the sole remaining business of the Company was the Chemical segment. The Corporate Reorganization simplified the legal structure, strengthened the capital structure and reduced costs of the Company. As part of the Corporate Reorganization, certain functions were downsized, eliminated or transferred to a separate legal entity, Borden Capital, Inc. (“Capital”), also owned by BHI.

Acquisitions and Divestitures
Following is a summary of acquisitions and divestitures we made in the past five years.

In the fourth quarter of 2003, we acquired Fentak Pty Ltd. (“Fentak”) in Australia and Malaysia, a producer of specialty chemical products for engineered wood, laminating and paper impregnation markets. We also acquired the business and technology assets of Southeastern Adhesives Company (“SEACO”), a domestic producer of specialty adhesives.

In 2001, through a series of transactions with affiliates, we sold Consumer Adhesives for total proceeds of $94,120 (the “Consumer Adhesives sale”). Consequently, Consumer Adhesives is reported as a discontinued operation in our financial statements in 2001. We retained continuing investments in Consumer Adhesives in the form of preferred stock and notes receivable. We sold the notes receivable to BHI in the fourth quarter of 2001 for their carrying value of $57,691. The preferred stock, with a carrying value of $110,000, was redeemed during the first quarter of 2002 for a $110,000 note receivable from Consumer Adhesives, which we subsequently sold to BHI for face value plus accrued interest and used the proceeds repay affiliated debt.

Also in 2001, we merged our North American foundry resins and coatings businesses with similar businesses of Delta-HA, Inc. to form HA-International, LLC (“HAI”), in which we have a 75% interest.

In 2000, the Company acquired the formaldehyde and certain other assets from Borden Chemicals and Plastics Operating Limited Partnership (“BCPOLP”), which was an affiliate of the Company, and acquired East Central Wax, a wax emulsions producer for the forest products business.

In 1999, we acquired Blagden Chemicals, Ltd. (“Blagden”) in the U.K. and Spurlock Industries, Inc. (“Spurlock”) in the U.S. Blagden produces formaldehyde, forest products and industrial resins. Spurlock produces formaldehyde and forest products resins.

Business Realignment and Corporate Reorganization
In addition to the acquisitions and divestitures discussed above, we have undertaken numerous plant consolidations and other business realignment initiatives. These initiatives are designed to improve efficiency and to focus resources on our core strengths. The associated business realignment charges consist primarily of employee severance, plant consolidation and related environmental remediation costs and asset write-offs. Following is a brief overview of our significant business realignment activities since 2001:

In June 2003, we initiated a realignment program designed to reduce operating expenses and increase organizational efficiency. To achieve these goals, we are reducing our workforce, streamlining processes, consolidating manufacturing processes and reducing general and administrative expenses. We anticipate the program will be completed in 2004.

In 2001, we recorded $126,408 of business realignment and impairment charges related primarily to the closures of our melamine crystal business (“Melamine”) and two forest products plants in the U.S., realignment of our North American workforce organization, reorganization of our corporate headquarters and the discontinuation of a plant construction project. The largest component of the 2001 charge is a $98,163 impairment of Melamine fixed assets, goodwill and spare parts that was the result of our strategic decision late in 2001 to sell or close this business and to enter into a long-term contractual arrangement with a supplier for our future melamine crystal needs.

As part of the Corporate Reorganization, in 2001, we also completed a significant capital restructuring, which consisted primarily of a capital contribution by BHI of $614,369 of preferred stock held by BHI. The significant impact of this transaction was to eliminate future required annual preferred dividend payments of $73,724. Also as part of the capital restructuring, BHI made a capital contribution of cash and purchased certain financial assets from us at their estimated fair values. The cash contribution and the cash received from sale of assets allowed us to substantially repay our affiliated debt as of December 31, 2001. See Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

The product lines included in our NAFORP operating segment are formaldehyde and forest product resins. The products in our NAPRG operating segment are oilfield, foundry and specialty resins. The products of our International operating segment are formaldehyde, forest product and performance resins and consumer products.

We are the leading global producer of thermosetting resins for the forest products industry and a leading producer of thermosetting resins for industrial and foundry applications in North America. Our resins are used to bind or coat other materials during the manufacturing process. Our resins are provided to a wide variety of customers for use in the manufacture of structural building panels, medium density fiberboard, particle board, laminate veneers, insulation binders, automotive brakes, and to coat cores and molds in the metal casting process.

We are also the world’s largest producer of formaldehyde. Approximately 50% of the formaldehyde produced by us is consumed internally to produce thermosetting resins, with the remainder sold to third parties.

We manufacture and distribute our products worldwide with the most significant markets being North America, Western Europe, Latin America, Australia, and Malaysia, and we generally hold a leading market position in the areas in which we compete.

Marketing and Distribution
Products are sold in the U.S. primarily through our sales force to industrial users. To the extent practicable, our international distribution techniques parallel those used in the U.S. However, raw materials, production considerations, pricing competition, government policy toward industry and foreign investment, and other factors may vary substantially from country to country.

Our major competitors are Dynea International OY, Georgia Pacific Corporation, Ashland Specialty Chemical Company and several regional domestic and international competitors. Price, customer service and product performance are the primary focus of competition.


Manufacturing and Raw Materials
The primary raw materials used in our manufacturing processes, for all of our operating segments, are methanol, phenol and urea. Raw materials are available from numerous sources in sufficient quantities but are subject to price fluctuations that cannot always be passed on to customers. We use long-term purchase agreements for our primary and certain other raw materials in certain circumstances to assure availability of adequate supplies at specified prices. These agreements generally do not have minimum purchase requirements.

Our business does not depend on any single customer nor are any of our operating segments limited to a particular group of customers, the loss of which would have a material adverse effect on the operating segment. Our primary customers consist of manufacturers, and the demand for our products is generally not seasonal.

Patents and Trademarks
We own various patents, trademark registrations, patent and trademark applications and technology licenses in our operating segments around the world which are held for use or currently used in our operations, including the Borden â and Elsie â trademarks. We license the use of these two trademarks to third parties for use on non-chemical products. A majority of our patents relate to the development of new products and processes for manufacturing and use thereof and will expire at various times between 2004 and 2013. Other than the Borden â and Elsie â trademarks, no individual patent or trademark is considered to be material.

Environmental Regulations
Our operations involve the use, handling, processing, storage, transportation and disposal of hazardous materials and are subject to extensive environmental regulation at the Federal, state and international level and are exposed to the risk of claims for environmental remediation or restoration. In addition, our production facilities require operating permits that are subject to renewal or modification. Violations of environmental laws or permits may result in restrictions being imposed on operating activities, substantial fines, penalties, damages or other costs, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

Accruals for environmental matters are recorded when it is probable that a liability has been incurred, the amount of the liability can be estimated and in accordance with the guidelines of Statement of Position 96-1, “Environmental Remediation Liabilities”. Although environmental policies and practices are designed to ensure compliance with Federal and state laws and environmental regulations, future developments and increasingly stringent regulation could require us to make additional unforeseen environmental expenditures. In addition, our former operations, including our ink, wallcoverings, film, phosphate mining and processing, thermoplastics, food and dairy operations, pose additional uncertainties for claims relating to our period of ownership. There can be no assurance that, as a result of former, current or future operations, there will not be some future impact on us relating to new regulations or additional environmental remediation or restoration liabilities.

We are actively engaged in complying with environmental protection laws, including various Federal, state and foreign statutes and regulations relating to manufacturing, processing and distributing its many products. We anticipate incurring future costs for capital improvements and general compliance under environmental laws, including costs to acquire, maintain and repair pollution control equipment. We incurred related capital expenditures of $5,234 in 2003, $3,641 in 2002 and $1,190 in 2001. We estimate that $5,400 will be spent for capital expenditures in 2004 for environmental controls at our facilities. This estimate is based on current regulations and other requirements, but it is possible that material capital expenditures in addition to those currently anticipated could be required if regulations and requirements change.

Research and Development
Our research and development and technical services expenditures were $17,998, $19,879 and $21,210 in 2003, 2002 and 2001, respectively. Development and marketing of new products are carried out by our operating segments and are integrated with quality control for existing product lines.

At December 31, 2003, we had approximately 2,400 employees. Relationships with our union and non-union employees are generally good.

Where You Can Find More Information
Our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and amendments to these reports are available to the public through our internet website at www.bordenchem.com /home.asp under “About Us”, from the Securities and Exchange Commission at its website www.sec.gov or free of charge from Investor Relations at our administrative offices in Columbus, Ohio.


As of December 31, 2003, we operated 27 domestic production and manufacturing facilities in 16 states, the most significant being a plant in Louisville, Kentucky. In addition, we operated 21 foreign production and manufacturing facilities primarily in Canada, South America, Europe, Australia and Malaysia.

Our manufacturing and processing facilities are generally well maintained and effectively utilized. Substantially all of our manufacturing facilities are owned. We lease our executive and administrative offices in Columbus, Ohio.


Environmental Proceedings
We have been notified that the Company is or may be responsible for environmental remediation at 30 sites in the U.S. Five of these sites, located in four states, involve active proceedings brought under state or Federal environmental laws: Geismar, Louisiana; Fairlawn, New Jersey; Fremont, California; Lakeland, Florida and Newark, California. The most significant of these sites is the site formerly owned by the Company in Geismar, Louisiana. While we cannot predict with certainty the total cost of such cleanups, we have recorded liabilities of approximately $23,400 and $27,100 at December 31, 2003 and 2002, respectively, for environmental remediation costs related to these five sites.

For the remaining 25 sites, we have been notified that the Company is or may be a potentially responsible party (“PRP”) in active proceedings in 15 states brought under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (“CERCLA”) or similar state “superfund” laws. While we cannot predict with certainty the total cost of such cleanup, we have recorded liabilities of approximately $7,600 and $7,000 at December 31, 2003 and 2002, respectively, for environmental remediation costs related to these 25 sites. The Company generally does not bear a significant level of responsibility for these sites and has little control over the costs and timing of cash flows. At 16 of the 25 sites, our share is less than 1%. At the remaining nine sites, the Company has a share of up to 8.8% of the total liability. The Company’s ultimate liability will depend on many factors including: its volumetric share of waste, the financial viability of other PRPs, the remediation methods and technology used, the amount of time necessary to accomplish remediation and the availability of insurance coverage. Our insurance provides very limited, if any, coverage for environmental matters.

In addition to the 30 sites referenced above, we are conducting voluntary remediation at 25 other locations. We have recorded liabilities of approximately $7,600 and $9,900 at December 31, 2003 and 2002, respectively, for remediation and restoration liabilities at these locations. See Note 22 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

The Company is one of over 200 defendants in a private toxic tort action pending in U.S. District Court in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, alleging personal injuries and property damage in connection with two Iberville Parish waste disposal sites in Louisiana. No personal injuries have been specified. Settlement negotiations are near completion, and we expect to be dismissed from the case in exchange for a settlement of a de minimus amount. As with any litigation, the ultimate outcome is uncertain until a final settlement is consummated.

Subsidiary Bankruptcy Proceedings
The Company’s former subsidiary, BCP Management, Inc. (“BCPM”) filed for protection under Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware on March 22, 2002. BCPM served as the general partner and held a 1% interest in Borden Chemicals and Plastics Operating Limited Partnership, which was created in November 1987 and operated as a commodity chemicals producer. On April 3, 2001, BCPOLP filed for protection under Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware. On February 5, 2003, the U.S. Bankruptcy Court approved a Joint Plan of Liquidation for BCPOLP and BCPM which provided for the transfer of the remaining assets of both entities, including preference, avoidance and other claims against third parties (including the Company) to separate liquidating entities for liquidation and distribution to their creditors. The transfer of the remaining assets of both entities to the liquidating agents was effective March 13, 2003. Our ownership interest in BCPM was extinguished, and no distributions from BCPM to the Company are anticipated.

On March 19, 2004, BCPM Liquidating LLC (“BCPM Liquidating”), the successor in interest to BCPM, and the Company reached a tentative agreement providing for the settlement of all claims for a payment by the Company of $6,000. The Company has entered into an Agreement with BCPM Liquidating extending the period within which either party may file claims against the other until May 14, 2004, during which period the terms of the settlement agreement will be finalized and submitted to the bankruptcy court for approval.

In addition, on March 19, 2004, the Company and BCP Liquidating LLC (“BCP Liquidating”), the successor in interest to BCPOLP, also reached a tentative agreement providing for the settlement of all claims for a payment by the Company of $1,050. The Company has entered into an Agreement with BCP Liquidating extending the period within which either party may file claims against the other until June 15, 2004, during which period the terms of the settlement agreement will be finalized and submitted to the bankruptcy court for approval.

No assurance can be given that these settlements will be finalized and approved, and absent such approval, these and other claims could be filed against the Company.
Imperial Home Décor Group
In 1998, pursuant to a merger and recapitalization transaction sponsored by The Blackstone Group ("Blackstone") and financed by Chase Manhattan Bank ("Chase"), Borden Decorative Products Holdings, Inc. (“BDPH”), a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, was acquired by Blackstone and subsequently merged with Imperial Wallcoverings to create Imperial Home Décor Group (“IHDG”). Blackstone provided $84,500 in equity, and Chase provided $295,000 in senior financing. We received approximately $314,400 in cash and 11% of IHDG common stock for our interest in BDPH. On January 5, 2000, IHDG filed for reorganization under Chapter 11 of the U. S. Bankruptcy Code. The IHDG Litigation Trust (the “Trust”) was created pursuant to the plan of reorganization in the IHDG bankruptcy to pursue preference and other avoidance claims on behalf of the unsecured creditors of IHDG. In November 2001, the Trust filed a lawsuit against the Company and certain of its affiliates seeking to have the IHDG recapitalization transaction voided as a fraudulent conveyance and asking for a judgment to be entered against the Company for $314,400 plus interest, costs and attorney fees. Discovery is proceeding and is currently scheduled to conclude by November 2004. The parties are discussing alternatives to litigation.

We have accrued legal expenses for scheduled depositions related to this matter. To the extent that additional depositions or legal work is required, legal defense costs will increase. We have not recorded a liability for any potential losses because a loss is not considered probable based on current information. We believe we have strong defenses to the Trust’s allegations, and we intend to defend the case vigorously if a satisfactory alternative to litigation is not achieved.

Brazilian Excise Tax Administrative Appeal
In 1992, the State of Sao Paolo Tax Bureau issued an assessment against our primary Brazilian subsidiary claiming that excise taxes were owed on certain intercompany loans made for centralized cash management purposes, characterized by the Tax Bureau as intercompany sales. Since that time, we have held discussions with the Tax Bureau, and our subsidiary has filed an administrative appeal seeking cancellation of the assessment. In December 2001, the Administrative Court upheld the assessment in the amount of R$52,000, or approximately US$18,000, including tax, penalties, monetary correction and interest. In September 2002, our subsidiary filed a second appeal with the highest level administrative court, again seeking cancellation of the assessment on the grounds that it was unlawfully issued. We believe we have a strong defense against the assessment and will pursue the appeal vigorously; however, no assurance can be given that the assessment will not be upheld.

HAI Grand Jury Investigation
HAI, a joint venture in which the Company has a 75% interest, received a grand jury subpoena dated November 5, 2003 from the U.S. Department of Justice Antitrust Division relating to a Foundry Resins Grand Jury investigation. HAI has provided documentation in response to the subpoena, is cooperating with the Department of Justice and has heard nothing further.

Other Legal Proceedings
The Company is involved in various product liability, commercial and employment litigation and other legal proceedings throughout the United States which are not discussed in its periodic filings and are considered to be in the ordinary course of business. There has been increased publicity about asbestos liabilities faced by manufacturing companies. As a result of the bankruptcies of many asbestos producers, plaintiffs' attorneys are increasing their focus on peripheral defendants, including the Company. We believe we have adequate reserves and insurance and do not believe we have a material asbestos exposure.

During the fourth quarter of 2003, no matters were submitted to a vote of our security holders.